NEMA MG-1: An Overview
National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) is a standardization agency which was established in 1926 to promote the standardization of electrical apparatus and supplies.
NEMA MG – 1 Motors and Generators is being published by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). This is a globally accepted standard which plays a very vital role in the design, construction and application of motors and generators. This comprehensive document not only compiles general information on different types of motors, either by their size, electrical type, application, variability of speed, or methods of cooling, but also covers specifications on electrical current and related components. Furthermore, this standard covers testing procedures to determine the exact capabilities of fabricated motors. These are expressed through the rating of a machine, which consists of the output (or input, for machines that are designed for absorbing power) power together with any other characteristics, such as speed, voltage, and current.
One of the most important contribution of NEMA MG – 1 is the standardization of machines hence making them interchangeable. After the persistent efforts being put in by the standardization agency, NEMA, today we can expect standard motors from different manufacturers to meet or exceed minimum performance parameters and, for the most part, be about the same size. The standardization of motors enables installation and maintenance personnel to quickly understand and recognize exactly what type of motor they are dealing with during a new installation or a replacement procedure.
NEMA MG – 1 equally benefits users and manufacturers of ac and dc machines. For Users, it covers different aspects of machine i.e. safety, performance & efficiency and suitability of machines for different applications. In other words, NEMA MG – 1 assists the end user in choosing an optimal choice machine hence reducing downtimes and increasing machine’s life. For manufacturers, it outlines the basic principles concerning performance, safety, testing and construction of ac and dc motors and generators, hence attempting to standardize the manufacturing of such machines around the globe.
As seen in the example above, NEMA Design, NEMA Nominal Efficiency and Frame are some examples of equipment specifications governed by NEMA MG-1
Nowadays, amidst the prevailing energy crises on a global level, energy efficiency has become a major focus of many governments, municipalities, power utilities and the industrial sector. Each entity focuses on specific components of the systems, mainly motors. The electric motor is an essential component of many systems ranging from small scale domestic appliances i.e. blenders, washing machines, water pumps, air conditioners and refrigerator’s compressors to large scale industrial applications like textile mills, power plants and refineries etc. In both domestic and industrial systems, motor’s efficiency is arguably the major contributor in the entire system’s efficiency. Efficient motors mean efficient systems and vice versa. NEMA MG – 1 covers in detail, the efficiencies of both small and big motors and generators i.e. motors as small as 1 horsepower and as large as 200 horsepower and even bigger.
Even after putting careful consideration into the selection of suitable motors and generators for various applications, these machines are still subjected to many operational challenges. Some of these challenges can have serious detrimental effects on the life of motors. While most motors found in everyday appliances are highly reliable, some have been known to fail due to a variety of reasons, such as over-current, overheating, dirt, moisture, and vibrations. There is no method of completely ensuring that these incidents will never occur, but motors can be correctly assembled and fabricated during the manufacturing stage to reduce the possibility for failures.